Let’s look at this in pathfinder as well.
Curse Necromancy Incapacitation
Traditionsarcane, divine, occult, primal
Cast [three-actions] material, somatic, verbal
Range 30 feet; Targets 1 creature
Saving Throw Fortitude
You throw raw hate on a creature and choose how to disfigure the creature deciding upon a -2 status penalty to an ability score, a -10 status penalty to movement, a -2 status penalty to AC, a -2 status penalty to attack rolls, or a -2 status penalty to saves as you bend spine and spirit to a broken form. Multiple castings of this spell are possible if you choose different effects of the spell each time.
Critical Success The target is unaffected.
Success The target is affected until its next turn begins.
Failure The target is affected for 30 days.
Critical Failure The target is affected permanently.
This spell can only be removed by a wish or miracle spell, you ending the spell with a thought, or you dying.
Heightened (7th) As 5th level, but the disfigure lasts for up to 1 year on an unwilling creature.
Heightened (9th) As 5th level, but the disfigure lasts for a duration you choose (even unlimited) on an unwilling creature.